Ramappa temple: Kakatiyas built temple to withstand | Sidnaz Blog

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HYDERABAD: Apart from its historical, cultural, religious and architectural significance, Ramappa temple has a special technological feature – sand-box foundation — that has helped the temple stand tall for centuries.
Like their successors Qutub Shahis, who mastered the art of seismic-proof structures, the Kakatiyas built Ramappa temple to withstand the onslaughts of earthquakes.
Though not unique to Ramappa temple, the sand-box foundation stands testimony to the engineering ingenuity of the former rulers of Telangana.Kakatiyas are credited with the invention of floating bricks (light porous bricks) that bring down the load of the roof on the foundation and columns supporting it.
Sand-box foundation is a type of foundation involving digging of the earth at least three metres deep and later filled up with sand. It is reinforced by gravel and other material. Later, huge structures are built on the sand foundation. The sand acts as a cushion or shock-absorber when earthquakes occur. Thus, it prevents vibrations in the main structure and protects it from falling.
The state government presented sand-box foundation as a unique technology before the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS). However, the ICOMOS, in its report did not agree with the state government’s contention.
“ICOMOS considers that lightweight bricks and sand-box foundations are not unique to Rudreshwara Temple and that the exceptional character of these in terms of their characteristics or state of conservation has not been supported by a comprehensive comparative analysis,” the ICOMOS report said.
The state government now needs to take up conservation of the monument so that the foundation is not affected by heavy rains. The ICOMOS report, however, said the temple cannot be said to be as inventive or as complex as its Kalyana Chalukya predecessors for which the staggered, five-projection, four-storey composition was essentially standard by the end of the 11th century CE.

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