U.S. stock futures and government bonds edged down after the Federal Reserve raised interest rates for the first time since 2018 and investors turned their attention back to the Ukraine war.

Futures tied to the S&P 500 declined 0.5%, pointing to a decline in the broad-market index after it closed more than 2% higher on the past two consecutive days. Nasdaq-100 futures fell 0.7%, suggesting moderate losses for technology stocks after the opening bell.

Stocks had begun to stage a comeback in recent days after losses related to surging energy prices, the impact of Western sanctions on Russia, and uncertainty about how major central banks would react. Investors said they were focusing on the resumption of cease-fire talks between Ukraine and Russia but reports of Moscow citing little progress weighed on sentiment.

“This shows that we’re not at the end of this conflict, that the commodity price situation is not going to improve which makes it tougher for sentiment,” said

Esty Dwek,

chief investment officer at FlowBank. “We’re also still digesting the Fed, it was clearly more hawkish than expected.” 

Fed officials penciled in six more interest-rate increases by year’s end, as the U.S. central bank moved more aggressively to slow inflation, which is running at a four-decade high.

“The Fed recognized that the hikes will slow growth. The question is now how much will the tightening of the economy slow growth. That’s what markets are looking for,” said Shaniel Ramjee, a multiasset fund manager at Pictet Asset Management. 

Other investors saw the Fed’s move as potentially supportive. Although the central bank’s stance has become more hawkish, it “wants to try to engineer a soft landing, and that’s actually quite a positive outcome for equities,” said

Adrian Zuercher,

the head of global asset allocation at UBS’s chief investment office. 

Mr. Zuercher pointed to signs that the Fed was willing to tolerate inflation overshooting its 2% target—most officials now see core inflation ending the year at 4.1%—as indicating that policy makers were focused on not scuttling the economic recovery.

Japan’s Nikkei 225 surged nearly 3.5%.



The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note edged down to 2.130% from 2.185% on Wednesday, reversing direction after three straight days of rises. Yields rise when prices fall. Selling of shorter-dated bonds, which are more heavily affected by changes in monetary policy, also eased, with the two-year yield declining to 1.934% after climbing for eight trading sessions. 

Government bonds typically perform well in times of slower economic growth, which some investors now expect due to the Fed’s plans to tighten the economy. “There’s also an element of risk-off from the conflict,” said Ms. Dwek. 

Commodity markets also showed signs of stress from the Russia-Ukraine conflict. Oil prices rose, with Brent crude adding 4.8% to trade at $102.94 a barrel.

Traders said they still have concerns about longer-term energy supplies and that the shunning of Russian oil by shipping companies and banks is hitting the market now due to preplanned trades ahead of the invasion. The International Energy Agency said in a Wednesday report that sanctions on Russia could create a supply shock. 

The price of gold, a traditional haven asset, climbed 1.8% to around $1,944 a troy ounce. 

The pan-continental Stoxx Europe 600 edged up 0.1%. German industrial company


tumbled 11% after it pulled its guidance for free cash flow due to the war in Ukraine and rising raw materials prices. Deutsche Bank cut its price target for the stock. 

The Russian stock exchange remained closed and the ruble depreciated 6.8% against the dollar, trading around 105 rubles to $1. It has lost 29% of its value since the beginning of the year. 

Chinese shares rallied for a second day, with Hong Kong’s Hang Seng Index advancing more than 7% and the Shanghai Composite Index rising 1.4%. 

Among big Chinese technology companies, shares in Tencent Holdings gained 6% and Meituan surged 12%. Beaten-down property shares also rocketed higher, with Country Garden Holdings adding 28%.

Supportive government comments had fueled a huge recovery in Chinese stocks Wednesday after several days of heavy selloffs, with the Hang Seng staging its biggest single-day rally since 2008 and many tech shares jumping more than 30%.

China’s market will likely remain extremely volatile over the next few weeks, partly due to the war in Ukraine, as China relies on Russia for some commodity imports, said Mr. Zuercher at UBS. Extended lockdowns could also reduce company earnings, if China cannot bring its Covid-19 outbreaks under control soon, he added. 

Key equity indexes in Australia and South Korea gained more than 1% in Thursday’s trading, while Japan’s Nikkei 225 surged nearly 3.5%.

Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell said the central bank will raise interest rates by a quarter percentage point from near zero. Powell also signaled plans to steadily increase rates this year to help tame inflation. Photo: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

Write to Clarence Leong at clarence.leong@wsj.com and Anna Hirtenstein at anna.hirtenstein@wsj.com

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